Important full-forms and abbreviations of computer

Full-forms and Abbreviations of Computer Science

Important full-forms and abbreviations of the computer for competitions

My dear Friends, Today-I am going to share with you the Important full-forms and abbreviations of computers, Networking, the Internet, Information-technology (IT).

Dear Friends आज मैं आपकों computer, Networking, Internet, Information-technology (IT) आदि से संबंधित महत्वपूर्ण शब्दों के full-form बताने जा रहा हूँ।
सबसे पहले Computer शब्द का full-form जानते हैं,

वैसे तो computer  शब्द का कोई full form नही है, पर computer के विद्वानों ने इस प्रकार बताया है —-
Although there is no full-form of the computer, yet some scholars of the computer have given in this way—-
C = Commonly
O = Operated
M = Machine
P = Particularly
U = Used for
T = Trade / technology
E = Education
R = Research
तो इस हिसाब से computer शब्द का full-form हुआ —
so full-form of the computer is…
Commonly operated machines particularly used for trade, education, and research.
कुछ विद्वानों ने trade के स्थान पर technology शब्द का प्रयोग किया है –
but some scholars have used technology in place of trade
Commonly operated machines particularly used for technology, education, and research.

So let’s start learning these Important full-forms and abbreviations of computer science


ACD:  Analog-Digital Converter
AI:  Artificial Intelligence
AJAX:  Asynchronous JavaScript and XML

ALGOL:  Algorithmic Language
ALU:  Arithmetic Logic Unit
ANSI:  American National Standards Institute
ARC NET:  Attached Resource Computer Network
ARPANET:  Advanced Research Project Agency Network

ASCII:  American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ASF:  Advanced Streaming Format

ASP:   Active Server Page
ASR:  Automatic Speech Recognition

ATM:  Automatic Teller Machine


BASIC:  Beginner’s All-purpose symbolic Instruction Code
BCDBinary Coded Decimal
BIOS:  Basic Input-output system
BIPS:  Billions of Instructions Per Second
BLOG: Weblog
BPS:   Bits Per Second
BSNL:  Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited


CAD:  Computer-Aided Design
CAE:  Computer-Aided Engineering
CAM:  Computer-Aided Manufacturing
CAN:  Campus Area Network
CAPTCHA:  Completely Automated Public Turing Test To Tell Computers And Humans Apart
CD:  Compact Disc
CD ROM:  Compact Disc Read-Only Memory
CD RW:  Compact Disc Rewritable
CL:  Command Language
CLI:  Command Line Interface
CMS:  Content Management System

COBOL: Common Business Oriented Language
CPU:  Central Processing Unit
CRT:  Cathode Ray Tube
CU:  Control Unit
CVV:  Card Verification Value


D RAM:  Dynamic Ram
DAC:  Digital-Analog Converter
DBMS:  Database Management System
DCL:  Digital Command Language
DDL:  Data Definition Language
DDS:  Digital Data Storage
DFD:  Data Flow Diagram
DMA:  Direct Memory Access

DNA:  Digital Network Architecture
DNS:  Domain Name System
DPI:  Dots Per Inch
DRDO:  The Defense Research and Development Organization
DSL:  Digital Subscriber Line

DSN:  Distributed Systems Network
DTP:  Desk-Top Publishing / Distributed Transaction Processing
DTS:  Digital Theater System
DVD:  Digital Video Disc or Digital Versatile Disc


EBCDIC:  Extended Binary  Coded Decimal Interchange Code
E-Commerce:  Electronic Commerce
EDP:  Electronic Data Processing
EDSAC:  Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator
EE-PROM:  Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
E-mail:  Electronic Mail
ENIAC:  Electronic Numerical Integrated and Computer
E-PROM:  Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory


FAT:  File Allocation Table
FDDI:  Fiber Distributed Data Interface
FMS:  File Management System
FORTRAN:  Formula Translation
FTP:  File Transfer Protocol


GB:  Giga-Byte
GHz:   Giga-Hertz
GIG:  Graphics Interchange Format
GPU:  Graphics Processing Unit
GUI:  Graphical User Interface


HDD:  Hard Disc Drive
HTML:  Hyper-Text Markup Language
HTTP:  Hyper-Text Transfer Protocol
HTTPS:  Hyper-Text Transfer Protocol Secure


IBM:  International Business Machine
IC: Integrated Circuit
ICT:   Information and Communication Technology
ILT:  Information and Learning Technology
INTERNET:  International Network
IP:  Internet Protocol
ISDN:  Integrated Services Digital Network
ISPInternet Service Provider
IT:  Information Technology


JPEG:  Joint Photographic Experts Group


KB:  KiloByte
KBPS:  Kilo Byte Per Second


LAN: Local Area Network
LCD:  Liquid Crystal Display
LSI: Large Scale Integration


Mac-OS:  Macintosh Operation System
MAN: Metropolitan Area Network
MB:  Mega-Byte
MBPS: Mega-Byte Per Second
MICR: Magnetic Ink Character Reader |
Magnetic Ink Character Recognition
MIDI:  Musical Instrument Digital Interface
MIPS:  Millions of Instructions Per Second
MMS:  Multimedia Messaging Service
MODEM:  Modulator ˗ Demodulator
MOOC:  Massive Open Online Course
Mouse:  Manually Operated Utility for Selecting Equipment
MPEG:  Moving Pictures Experts Group

MS- EXCEL:  Microsoft – Excel
MS-ACCESS:  Microsoft  Access
MS-DOS:    Microsoft- Disc Operation System
MS-WINDOWS: Microsoft- Windows
MS-WORD:  Microsoft  Word
MTNL:  Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited


NFC:  Near Field Communication
NIC:  Network Interface Card
NLP:  Natural Language Processing


OCR:  Optical Character Reader
OILS:  Open and Integrated Learning System

OMR:  Optical Mark Reader
OS: Operating System


PAN:  Personal Area Network
PATA:  Parallel Advanced Technology Attachment
PC:  Personal Computer
PDA: Personal Digital Assistant
PDF:  Portable Document Format
PDL: Program Design Language
PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor
PL 1:  Programming Language 1
POS:  Point of Sales
PROM:  Programmable Read-Only Memory
PSTN: Public Switched Telephone Network


RAID:  Redundant Array of Independent Disks
RAM:  Random Access Memory
ROM:  Read Only Memory
RPG:  Report Program Generator


S RAM:  Static Ram
SATA: Serial Advanced Technology Attachment
SCSI Port:  Small Computer System Interface Port
SDLC:  Software Development Life Cycle
SEO: Search Engine Optimization
SGML: Standard Generalised Markup Language

SIM: Subscriber Identity Module
SMS:  Short Message Service
SPSSStatistical Package for the Social Sciences
SQL:  Structured Query Language
SSL:  Secure Sockets Layer
SWIFT:  Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Transactions


TCP / IP :  Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol
TFT: Thin–Film Transistor
Telnet: Tele-Communication Network


ULSI: Ultra Large Scale Integration
UNIVAC Universal Automatic Computer
UPI:  Unified Payments Interface
UPS: Uninterruptible Power Supply
URL:  Uniform Resource Locator
USB:  Universal Serial Bus


VDU:  Visual Display Unit
VGA:  The Video Graphics Array
VIRUS:  Vital Information Resources Under Seize
VLSI:  Very Large Scale Integration
VPN:  Virtual Private Network

VR:  Virtual Reality
VSNL:  Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited


WAN:  Wide Area NetworkWAV:  Waveform Audio Format
WHOIS:  Who-is

WIFI:  Wireless Fidelity
WiMAX:  Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access
WLL: Wireless Local Loop
WORM:  Write Once Read Many
WYSIWYG:  What You See Is What You Get


XML:  Extensible Markup Language

I hope guys these full forms and abbreviations of computer science would be very useful for you.

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